The PBOC has announced it will be introducing a deposit insurance system in China, which will have a profound impact on banks’ behaviour. Liberalizing the banking sector may put it on a more sustainable path but short-term risks should not be ignored.
The digital revolution has finally caught up with the Chinese banking sector. As it undergoes important reforms, industry leaders are faced with numerous challenges and must innovate to stay on top of their game.
Like a piece of delicious cake, all good things come to an end and after robust growth since the launch, Yuebao has seen the first decline in 2014Q3. According to the data from financial news website East Money, although Yuebao has achieved 5.69 Billion in net profits, Yuebao AUM has declined 6.84% for the first time, reaching RMB 534.89 Billion. Is this part of a larger trend?
After over a year of incredible growth, Yuebao is starting to slow slightly and the expected returns on the platform are dropping down to about 4%, not entirely different than what is possible in a bank. In April 2014, Alibaba made a decision to roll out a new online finance product, a bankers' acceptance online lending.
Last week, Alibaba’s finance arm rebranded their “Small and Medium Financial Services Company today to “Ant Financial Services Group” or “Ant Financial”.
Mr. Li Xiaofeng, head of PBoC Financial IC Card Panel, believes that Chinese payment providers will not play a major role in payments in China's financial industry. “From the scale and channel perspective, Central Bank and commercial banks remain the main payment providers.”
Although Alibaba was in the first round of initial approvals to setup a private bank in China earlier this year, it was only at the end of September 2014 that they finally received approval to move forward on the project along with Juneyao, another large Chinese company who is also looking to setup their own bank.
In the wake of the largest IPO in the U.S., there has been increased attention on China's innovation and its potential disruptive nature on global banking and e-commerce. Yue bao's future strategy is in the spotlight once again.
China's online banking and mobile banking continue to be the key channels for customers who interact with their banks through 'e-channels' as data from iResearch, a Chinese online customer survey service provider, shows.
According to Online Lending House, an internet finance news source, P2P transaction volume has reached RMB 81.84 Billion in 1H2014. The most active regions are Guangdong, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Beijing and Jiangsu.
Earlier this year, we published our 2014 “Top-10 China Banking Industry Trends” report and predicted the advent of direct banks. We were right: in a month Minsheng Bank rolls out its Chinese direct banking institution.
On July 25th, Shang Fulin, the chairman of CBRC, disclosed three private banks that had been approved by the CBRC. Hua Rui Bank, planned to be set up by Fosun and Juneyao, was not on the list. Later the Shanghai branch of CBRC revealed that the Fosun and Juneyao partnership had broken up.
Kapronasia's new report entitle "China Moving Abroad - A look at the legal...and not so legal ways Chinese nationals are moving their money abroad" is now available for download on Kapronasia.com. To view and download the report, please go to our research section here.
On July 22nd, 2014, Alibaba teamed up with seven banks including ICBC, CCB, CMB, Ping An Bank, Postal Savings Bank of China, Bank of Shanghai and Industrial Bank to roll out new internet business loan service.
China has been going through rapid urbanization during last decades and in the past ten years alone the percentage of population residing in cities has leapt from 40.5% in 2003 to 53.75% in 2013.
The “Notice on Government-set Prices and Government-Guided Prices for Commercial Banking Services”, published by National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC), is effective on August 1st, 2014.
China is beginning to open its financial sector with the approval of three privately owned banks, extending the wave of financial reforms aimed at boosting China's changing economy.
Kapronasia's ATMs in China 2014 webinar and slides are now available in the webinar section of the website or by clicking here.
Currently there are 637 companies on the IPO list in China and their prospectuses, published by the China Securities Regulatory Commission, reveal business intelligence, previously not available for public.
PBoC’s 2013 annual report shows that foreign banks in China showed steady growth and even outpaced GDP growth in terms of new deposits, but still lag their domestic competitiors.
The latest 2014 China Online Lending Industry Report reveals that China's P2P lending platform industry has grown rapidly both in terms of number of providers and turnover.
In the 2013 annual report issued by the Peoples Bank of China (PBOC), the organization addressed the issues related to the Internet finance. What is the forward looking Internet finance strategy?
On March 1st, 2014, Shanghai FTZ has removed the cap for foreign currency deposit rates, which apply to small accounts with less than USD3 million. After the three-month pilot, the market seems to be running steadily and enterprises in the Shanghai FTZ now can ask for higher rates for their forex deposits with the banks.
With the increasing usage of mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet PCs, mobile internet is becoming a new traffic entry point for many internet players. Alibaba's free wifi deployment will facilitate their entry point.
The 2014 year seems to be a year for banks to pad their capital base. Previous heated discussion was around Tier 1 capital sufficiency, after which additional capital has been supplemented via issuing preference shares by SPDB, Bank of China and Agricultural Bank of China.
People prefer to keep their information in a safe place, so do nations. After the PRISM scandal information security issues has become a concern for many countries.
On April 20th, the CEO of ICBC, quoting data from internal sources, claimed that the estimated scale of shadow banking in China is around RMB15-20tn, which is relatively small in scale to GDP when compared to shadow banking in more developed countries.
In addition, the leverage used in the Chinese shadow banking industry is not as large as other countries, so he argued that it is not necessary to worry about systematic risks in the Chinese financial system, but he still admitted there are non-systematic risks caused by shadow banking industry.
However, many independent financial analysts say that the scale and risk involved of shadow banking are underestimated and there might be increasing number of events happened in 2014 around shadow banking in China.
In recent years China's mobile internet has been developing quickly and had a great impact on people’s lives. The official figures show that by the end of 2013, China had approximately 500 million mobile internet users, a 25% increase over 2012. With the penetration of smartphones in China more users prefer to use mobile devices to deal with many daily tasks.
Last month, Shanghai Chaori Solar Energy Science & Technology became the first company to default in China's bond market when it failed to make a full payment on the issued debt. This shows that the Chinese state is not going to back up even big private borrowers. Several other companies are also on the verge of debt insolvency, according to local media sources, with government debt also on the rise.
Accroding to the latest figures from the CBRC (China Banking Regulatory Commission), Chinese banks’ asset quality deteriorated as the balance of bad loans continued rising from RMB 492.9 billion in 2012 to RMB 592.1 billion in 2013. However, as banks wrote off significant amounts of bad loans in 2013, the bad loans ratio grew only slightly from 0.95% to 1%, leaving the asset quality in relatively good shape. The largest outstanding bad loans are from the big five banks, who have hit a 10 year peak of bad loans - in total, they have written off RMB 59 billion up significantly from 2012.
The large amount of write-offs prevent the bad loan ratio from growing fast. In addition, Chinese banks have a relatively higher provision coverage ratio, so they are able to write off more. As China is in the middle of an economic transistion, we estimate that banks’ bad loans will continue rising as exports continue to slow and industry shifts excess capacity. Further 2014 write-offs will be supported by the CBRC’s latest guidance.