Alibaba puts the brakes on Hong Kong listing

Written by || September 02 2019

Alibaba's expected Hong Kong listing was supposed to be a grand homecoming. After all, the company's $21.8 billion 2014 NYSE listing - at the time the largest global IPO ever - disappointed some folks in Chinese officialdom who hoped China's biggest e-commerce firm would go public closer to home. Since the HKSE revised its rules last year to allow dual listings, there has been much speculation about Alibaba listing in Hong Kong.

In August, international media reported that Alibaba would suspend plans to list its shares in Hong Kong. The stock offering, which was expected to raise US$10-15 million had been scheduled for late August, according to a recent New York Times report. The deal could well have been the largest of the year and the top follow-on share sale in seven years. Alibaba nixed plans to list its shares in Hong Kong because of ongoing protests in the city and associated instability, the report said.

While no new timetable has been formally set, Alibaba could potentially launch the deal as early as October, still seeking to raise $10 billion-$15 billion, depending on whether political tensions had eased and market conditions became more favorable, according to Reuters.

Analysts say that the Chinese e-commerce giant is wary of "bestowing a gift on Hong Kong" amidst political instability that has irked the central government. That's a valid point, but the business environment in Hong Kong is equally important. Without a return to normalcy, investor appetite for share offerings will continue waning. Under that scenario, an Alibaba listing in Hong Kong could be underwhelming. With solid financials, Alibaba is under no pressure to rush its Hong Kong arrival. The company's revenue rose 42% annually to RMB 114.9 billion ($16.3 billion) in the fiscal first quarter ended June 30, while profits doubled to RMB 21.2 billion compared to the same period a year earlier. 

That said, the firm does not want to put off the Hong Kong listing indefinitely. In fact, it may have no choice but to list in Hong Kong if Sino-U.S. trade tensions continue spilling into the financial sector. In June, a bipartisan group of U.S. senators introduced legislation targeting China that requires foreign companies to grant U.S. inspectors full access to their audit reports or face delisting from U.S. exchanges. Following a three-year grace period, enforcement would begin. Observers say the bill has a good chance of becoming law, given its high level of bipartisan support. 

"If China-based companies want to list on stock exchanges or access capital markets in the U.S., we should make them comply with American laws," Senator Marco Rubio said in a statement.

The likelihood that Beijing will acquiesce to the bill's requirements "is at most two percent," wrote China-based lawyer Steve Dickinson in a June post on The China Law Blog. "This then means that if this legislation is passed (which is looking likely), all Chinese companies currently listed on the U.S. markets will be delisted and no future listings from Chinese companies will be permitted on the U.S. markets," he added. 

The bill is likely to pass and that will start "the three-year countdown for negotiations, or for the companies to find another listing home. I expect most of them will move their listings to Hong Kong," Paul Gillis, a professor at Peking University, was quoted as saying by Nikkei Asian Review in June.